1. Are there any causes of hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin produces more melanin. People with darker skin tones are more prone to hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation can be caused by sun damage, inflammation, or other skin injuries,
including those related to acne vulgaris and hormones in melasma.
Certain medications, such as antimalarial drugs and tricyclic antidepressants can cause hyperpigmentation,
More serious conditions that cause hyperpigmentation include Addison’s disease and Hemochromatosis.
2. What does the treatment of hyperpigmentation entail?
If a person wants to treat hyperpigmentation for cosmetic reasons, they can seek advice
from a dermatologist, who will be able to advise them on the best treatment methods
There are a range of possible treatment methods and home remedies that people can
– avoid the sun, use sunscreen SPF >30
– avoid picking your skin, people with acne
For skin inflammation, use corticosteroids under the supervision of a dermatologist.
Topical treatments include ingredients that lighten the skin, such as:
• Azelaic acid
• Kojic acid
• Retinoids, such as tretinoin
• Vitamin C
Other treatments include chemical peels and Micro needling
3. Is it possible for it to ever disappear completely?
Treating the underlying cause of hyperpigmentation can make it disappear completely.
Avoiding the sun and wearing sunscreen can help clear the hyperpigmentation